During the Muslim or Moorish domination of Portugal, or parts of Portugal (714-1249), the Mozarabs were those peoples of Roman-Gothic culture who remained Christian in their own communities. From the Arabic term for "one who becomes Arab, from another race or nation," the word Mozarab referred to those people under Muslim rule in much of what is now Portugal who kept their religious and social customs and their language.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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